–BY Uddeshya, Rahul, Himanshu, Dharampal, Akshay, Ghanshyam
As most of India deals with the drastic consequences of drought, find out how these villages in India are reaping the benefits of efficient water management and revival systems.Here we will show that how PANCHGANI manage to restore water.
Spring Revival in Panchgani, Maharashtra
In the areas of Panchgani, springs were identified as an important water source. Years of neglect and destruction of ecology led to reduction in the number of springs. Grampari, a rural ecological centre, began a movement to revive springs in 2010. For instance, in a village called Akhegani, pumping water from dams was not a realistic solution, because it’s on a table top of the plateau, and proves a costly affair for the villagers. So instead, the village depends on borewells and two springs for its water requirements. Dr Jared Buono, a hydrologist with Grampari, explains to Mid-day the significance of springs:
A small portion of the monsoon rains can enter the rocks (layered with basalt) where it percolates down and hits an impervious layer. It then moves laterally and can emerge on the side of a mountain as a natural spring. Many mountains in the Western Ghats are also capped with laterite (a relatively porous rock) that absorbs much more rainfall. On these mountains, springs can be very large, providing a steady source of water throughout the year.